These additional four teams consist of the following: These five teams then take part in a championship playoff stage to decide the winner of the league trophy.
In , the single-table format returned due to a negative reaction from hardcore fans and a failure to appeal to casual fans. Since the inception of the second division in , promotion and relegation follow a pattern similar to the European leagues, where the two bottom clubs of J1 and the top two clubs of J2 are guaranteed to move.
Starting on the season, the top three J2 clubs receives J1 promotion by default in place of three bottom J1 clubs. This has generally not been a hindrance, in fact, no club is yet to be denied promotion due to not meeting the J1 criteria.
Until the season, the J1 season was divided into two halves , with an annual championship series involving the champions from each half with the exception of the season.
However, from the season, the single-season format is adopted as the top flight was expanded to eighteen clubs. Currently, 18 clubs compete in double round robin, home and away.
Starting on the season, the bottom three clubs are relegated to Division 2 at the end of the year. The two-halves format returned in but was abandoned again after However, the semifinals would be only one leg and all matches that ended in draws would enable the higher ranked club in the table to advance or be promoted.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Japanese association football league system. Professional football begins in Japan".
Verdy Kawasaki dominates the early years". Growing pains emerge on the road to the World Cup". Expansion, success, and a bright future".
Retrieved 19 August Retrieved March 8, Champions Records Historical goals. First-tier club football seasons, —present.
List of champions J. Second-tier club football seasons, —present. Third-tier club football seasons, —93, —present. Fourth-tier club football seasons, —present.
Regional level club football seasons, —present. Regional Promotion Series Shakaijin Cup. League Cup seasons, —present.
JFA forms a professional league assessment committee. The committee decides the criteria for professional clubs Fifteen to twenty clubs from Japan Soccer League applies for the professional league membership.
The professional league, J. League is formed with the following 10 clubs: League hosts the first domestic league cup competition with the ten clubs.
Following clubs are promoted from Japan Football League: Cerezo Osaka and Kashiwa Reysol The points system is introduced for the first time: League average attendance hits the record low 10, Following club is promoted from Japan Football League: Vissel Kobe The league goes back to split-season format The points system changes: League Hundred Year Vision The league announces incorporation of two-division system for the season The league hosts J.
As a result, Consadole Sapporo becomes the first club be to relegated. Marinos Penalty kick shootouts are abolished in both divisions; however, golden goal extra-time rules stayed The points system changes: Extra time is abolished in Division 1 and traditional 3—1—0 points system is adopted.
League Division 1 expands to 18 clubs J. League Division 1 adopts singles-season format. League expansion committee The league reintroduces J.
Implementation of a 4th foreign player slot, a. League Cup changes to a team format. The league believed that this will allow the clubs to bond with their respective cities and towns and get support from local government, companies, and citizens.
In other words, clubs will be able to rely on the locals, rather than major national sponsors. Second, the infrastructure of the league was heavily changed in The league acquired nine clubs from the semi-professional JFL and one club from J.
League to create a two division system. The top flight became the J. League Division 1 J1 with 16 clubs while J.
League Division 2 J2 was launched with ten clubs in Also, until with the exception of season , the J1 season was divided into two.
At the end of each full season, the champion from each half played a two-legged series to determine the overall season winner and runners-up. Marinos in , won both "halves" of the respective seasons, thus eliminating the need for the playoff series.
This was the part of the reason the league abolished the split-season system starting from Since the season , J. League Division 1 consisted of 18 clubs from 16 in and the season format became more similar to European club football.
The number of relegated clubs also increased from 2 to 2. Since then, other than minor adjustments, the top flight has stayed consistent.
Japanese teams did not treat the AFC Champions League that seriously in the early years, in part due to the distances travelled and teams played.
However, in the Champions League, three Japanese sides made the quarter-finals. However, in recent years, with the inclusion of the A-League in Eastern Asia, introduction to the Club World Cup , and increased marketability in the Asian continent, both the league and the clubs paid more attention to Asian competition.
For example, Kawasaki Frontale built up a notable fan base in Hong Kong , owing to their participation in the Asian Champions League during the season.
League the highest league ranking and a total of four slots starting from the season. The league took this as an opportunity to sell TV broadcasting rights to foreign countries, especially in Asia.
League title in the season. Three major changes were seen starting in the season. Secondly, the number of relegation slots increased to three. Finally, the AFC Player slot was implemented starting this season.
Each club will be allowed to have a total of four foreign players; however, one slot is reserved for a player that derives from an AFC country other than Japan.
Also, as a requirement of being a member of the Asian Football Confederation , the J. League Club Licence regulations started in as one criterion of whether a club was allowed to stay in its division or to be promoted to a higher tier in professional level league.
No major changes happened to J. League Division 1 as the number of clubs stayed at In the J. League Division 1 was renamed J1 League.
Also, the tournament format was changed to a three-stage system. The season was split into first and second stages, followed by a third and final championship stage.
The third stage was composed of three to five teams. The top point accumulator in each stage and the top three point accumulators for the overall season qualified.
If both of the stage winners finished in the top three teams for the season, then only three teams qualified for the championship stage.
These teams then took part in a championship playoff stage to decide the winner of the league trophy. Despite the new multi-stage format being initially reported as locked in for five seasons, due to a negative reaction from hardcore fans, and a failure to appeal to casual fans, towards the end of the it was abandoned in favour of a return to a single-stage system.
After a draw in the first leg, Urawa Red Diamonds won the second leg and were crowned Asian Champions. In the past years, Japanese clubs have risen not only continentally, but also internationally.
Kashima Antlers were finalists of the edition and eventually lost to Real Madrid. Eighteen clubs will play in double round-robin home and away format, a total of 34 games each.
A club receives 3 points for a win, 1 point for a tie, and 0 points for a loss. The clubs are ranked by points, and tiebreakers are, in the following order:.
A draw would be conducted, if necessary. However, if two clubs are tied for first place, both clubs will be declared as co-champions. The third club will play a playoff against the J2 playoffs-winning team.
J1 League map Source for teams participating: Clubs in bold compete in top flight as of season. Only four clubs have never been relegated from J1.
Among those, only two clubs — Kashima Antlers and Yokohama F. Marinos — have been participating in every league season since its establishment in Sagan Tosu were promoted to the first division in , and remain there ever since.
League that lasted since the establishment of JFL in and ended with their relegation in The longest ongoing top flight streak belongs to Yokohama F.
Marinos who play in the top flight since 38 seasons as of When the league introduced the two-division system in , they also reduced number of Division 1 club from 18 to At the end of season, they hosted the J.
League Promotion Tournament to determine two relegating clubs. Throughout to seasons, two bottom clubs were relegated to Division 2. To accommodate for split-season format, combined overall standings were used to determine the relegating clubs.
This created a confusing situation, where for the championship race stage standing were used, while overall standing was used for relegation survival.
At end of the season, Division 1 again expanded from 16 to 18 clubs. Again, to determine 16th placed club, overall standing was used instead of stage standing.
For the next four seasons, to , the number of relegating clubs was increased to 2. In , promotion playoffs were introduced in J2, allowing teams that finished from 3rd to 6th to compete for J1 promotion place, and since , the bottom two teams are relegated and the entry playoff has the 16th team play the J2 playoff winner.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Meiji Yasuda J1 League Rules for classification: List of Japanese football champions.
Expansion, success, and a bright future". Retrieved 12 December